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Vice President Mike Pence's Remarks on the Administration's Policy Towards China

(Hudson Institute @Thursday October 4th, 2018 11:00am to 12:00pm)
Remarks delivered by President Mike Pence on the administration’s policy towards China at Hudson Institute on October 4, 2018:

Thank you, Ken, for that kind introduction. To the Members of the Board of Trustees, to Dr. Michael Pillsbury, to our distinguished guests, and to all of you who, true to your mission, “think about the future in unconventional ways” – it’s an honor to be back at the Hudson Institute.

For more than half a century, this Institute has dedicated itself to “advancing global security, prosperity, and freedom.” And while Hudson’s hometowns have changed over the years, one thing has held constant: You have always advanced that vital truth, that American leadership lights the way.

And today, I bring greetings from a champion of American leadership, at home and abroad – the 45th President of the United States of America, President Donald Trump.

From early in this administration, President Trump has made our relationship with China and President Xi a priority. On April 6th of last year, President Trump welcomed President Xi to Mar-A-Lago. On November 8th of last year, President Trump traveled to Beijing, where China’s leader welcomed him warmly.

Over the course of the past 2 years, our President has forged a strong personal relationship with the president of the People’s Republic of China, and they’ve worked closely on issues of common interest, most importantly the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula…

But I come before you today because the American people deserve to know… as we speak, Beijing is employing a whole-of-government approach, using political, economic, and military tools, as well as propaganda, to advance its influence and benefit its interests in the United States.

China is also applying this power in more proactive ways than ever before, to exert influence and interfere in the domestic policy and politics of our country.

Under our administration, we’ve taken decisive action to respond to China with American leadership, applying the principles, and the policies, long advocated in these halls.

In the “National Security Strategy” that President Trump released last December, he described a new era of “great power competition.” Foreign nations have begun to “reassert their influence regionally and globally,” and they are “contesting [America’s] geopolitical advantages and trying to change the international order in their favor.”

In this strategy, President Trump made clear that the United States of America has adopted a new approach to China. We seek a relationship grounded in fairness, reciprocity, and respect for sovereignty, and we have taken strong and swift action to achieve that goal.

As the President said last year on his visit to China, “we have an opportunity to strengthen the relationship between our two countries and improve the lives of our citizens.” Our vision of the future is built on the best parts of our past, when America and China reached out to one another in a spirit of openness and friendship…

When our young nation went searching in the wake of the Revolutionary War for new markets for our exports, the Chinese people welcomed Americans traders laden with ginseng and fur…

When China suffered through indignities and exploitation during her so-called “Century of Humiliation,” America refused to join in, and advocated the “Open Door” policy, so that we could have freer trade with China, and preserve their sovereignty…

When American missionaries brought the good news to China’s shores, they were moved by the rich culture of an ancient but vibrant people, and not only did they spread faith; they also founded some of China’s first and finest universities…

When the Second World War arose, we stood together as allies in the fight against imperialism… And in that war’s aftermath, America ensured that China became a Charter member of the United Nations, and a great shaper of the post-war world.

But soon after it took power in 1949, the Chinese Communist Party began to pursue authoritarian expansionism. Only five years after our nations had fought together, we fought each other, on the mountains and in the valleys of the Korean Peninsula. My own father saw combat on those frontlines of freedom.

Not even the brutal Korean War could diminish our mutual desire to restore the ties that for so long bound us together. China’s estrangement from the United States ended in 1972, and soon after, we re-established diplomatic relations, began to open our economies to one another, and American universities began training a new generation of Chinese engineers, business leaders, scholars, and officials.

After the fall of the Soviet Union, we assumed that a free China was inevitable. Heady with optimism, at the turn of the 21st Century, America agreed to give Beijing open access to our economy, and bring China into the World Trade Organization.

Previous administrations made this choice in the hope that freedom in China would expand in all forms – not just economically, but politically, with a newfound respect for classical liberal principles, private property, religious freedom, and the entire family of human rights… but that hope has gone unfulfilled.

The dream of freedom remains distant for the Chinese people. And while Beijing still pays lip service to “reform and opening,” Deng Xiaoping’s famous policy now rings hollow.

Over the past 17 years, China’s GDP has grown 9-fold; it has become the second-largest economy in the world. Much of this success was driven by American investment in China. And the Chinese Communist Party has also used an arsenal of policies inconsistent with free and fair trade, including tariffs, quotas, currency manipulation, forced technology transfer, intellectual property theft, and industrial subsidies doled out like candy, to name a few. These policies have built Beijing’s manufacturing base, at the expense of its competitors – especially America.

China’s actions have contributed to a trade deficit with the United States that last year ran to $375 billion – nearly half of our global trade deficit. As President Trump said just this week, “we rebuilt China” over the last 25 years.

Now, through the “Made in China 2025” plan, the Communist Party has set its sights on controlling 90% of the world’s most advanced industries, including robotics, biotechnology, and artificial intelligence. To win the commanding heights of the 21st Century economy, Beijing has directed its bureaucrats and businesses to obtain American intellectual property – the foundation of our economic leadership – by any means necessary.

Beijing now requires many American businesses to hand over their trade secrets as the cost of doing business in China. It also coordinates and sponsors the acquisition of American firms to gain ownership of their creations. Worst of all, Chinese security agencies have masterminded the wholesale theft of American technology – including cutting-edge military blueprints.

And using that stolen technology, the Chinese Communist Party is turning plowshares into swords on a massive scale…

China now spends as much on its military as the rest of Asia combined, and Beijing has prioritized capabilities to erode America’s military advantages – on land, at sea, in the air, and in space. China wants nothing less than to push the United States of America from the Western Pacific and attempt to prevent us from coming to the aid of our allies.

Beijing is also using its power like never before. Chinese ships routinely patrol around the Senkaku Islands, which are administered by Japan. And while China’s leader stood in the Rose Garden of the White House in 2015 and said that his country had “no intention to militarize the South China Sea,” today, Beijing has deployed advanced anti-ship and anti-air missiles atop an archipelago of military bases constructed on artificial islands.

China’s aggression was on display this week, when a Chinese naval vessel came within 45 yards of the USS Decatur as it conducted freedom-of-navigation operations in the South China Sea, forcing our ship to quickly maneuver to avoid collision. Despite such reckless harassment, the United States Navy will continue to fly, sail and operate wherever international law allows and our national interests demand. We will not be intimidated; we will not stand down.

America had hoped that economic liberalization would bring China into greater partnership with us and with the world. Instead, China has chosen economic aggression, which has in turn emboldened its growing military.

Nor, as we hoped, has Beijing moved toward greater freedom for its people. For a time, Beijing inched toward greater liberty and respect for human rights, but in recent years, it has taken a sharp U-turn toward control and oppression.

Today, China has built an unparalleled surveillance state, and it’s growing more expansive and intrusive – often with the help of U.S. technology. The “Great Firewall of China” likewise grows higher, drastically restricting the free flow of information to the Chinese people. And by 2020, China’s rulers aim to implement an Orwellian system premised on controlling virtually every facet of human life – the so-called “social credit score.” In the words of that program’s official blueprint, it will “allow the trustworthy to roam everywhere under heaven, while making it hard for the discredited to take a single step.”

And when it comes to religious freedom, a new wave of persecution is crashing down on Chinese Christians, Buddhists, and Muslims…

Last month, Beijing shut down one of China’s largest underground churches. Across the country, authorities are tearing down crosses, burning bibles, and imprisoning believers. And Beijing has now reached a deal with the Vatican that gives the avowedly atheist Communist Party a direct role in appointing Catholic bishops. For China’s Christians, these are desperate times.

Beijing is also cracking down on Buddhism. Over the past decade, more than 150 Tibetan Buddhist monks have lit themselves on fire to protest China’s repression of their beliefs and culture. And in Xinjiang, the Communist Party has imprisoned as many as one million Muslim Uyghurs in government camps where they endure around-the-clock brainwashing. Survivors of the camps have described their experiences as a deliberate attempt by Beijing to strangle Uyghur culture and stamp out the Muslim faith.

But as history attests, a country that oppresses its own people rarely stops there. Beijing also aims to extend its reach across the wider world. As Hudson’s own Dr. Michael Pillsbury has said, “China has opposed the actions and goals of the U.S. government. Indeed, China is building its own relationships with America’s allies and enemies that contradict any peaceful or productive intentions of Beijing.”

China uses so-called “debt diplomacy” to expand its influence.Today, that country is offering hundreds of billions of dollars in infrastructure loans to governments from Asia to Africa to Europe to even Latin America. Yet the terms of those loans are opaque at best, and the benefits flow overwhelmingly to Beijing.

Just ask Sri Lanka, which took on massive debt to let Chinese state companies build a port with questionable commercial value. Two years ago, that country could no longer afford its payments – so Beijing pressured Sri Lanka to deliver the new port directly into Chinese hands. It may soon become a forward military base for China’s growing blue-water navy.

Within our own hemisphere, Beijing has extended a lifeline to the corrupt and incompetent Maduro regime in Venezuela, pledging $5 billion in questionable loans that can be repaid with oil. China is also that country’s single largest creditor, saddling the Venezuelan people with more than $50 billion in debt. Beijing is also corrupting some nations’ politics by providing direct support to parties and candidates who promise to accommodate China’s strategic objectives…

And since last year, the Chinese Communist Party has convinced 3 Latin American nations to sever ties with Taipeiand recognize Beijing. These actions threaten the stability of the Taiwan Strait – and the United States of America condemns these actions. And while our administration will continue to respect our One China Policy, as reflected in the three joint communiques and the Taiwan Relations Act, America will always believe Taiwan’s embrace of democracy shows a better path for all the Chinese people.

These are only a few of the ways that China has sought to advance its strategic interests across the world, with growing intensity and sophistication. Yet previous administrations all but ignored China’s actions – and in many cases, they abetted them. But those days are over.

Under President Trump’s leadership, the United States of America has been defending our interests with renewed American strength…

We’ve been making the strongest military in the history of the world stronger still. Earlier this year, the President signed into law the largest increase in our national defense since the days of Ronald Reagan – $716 billion to extend our military dominance in every domain.

We’re modernizing our nuclear arsenal, we’re fielding and developing new cutting-edge fighters and bombers, we’re building a new generation of aircraft carriers and warships, and we’re investing as never before in our Armed Forces. This includes initiating the process to establish the United States Space Force to ensure our continued dominance in space, and authorizing increased capability in the cyber world to build deterrence against our adversaries.

And at President Trump’s direction, we’re also implementing tariffs on $250 billion in Chinese goods, with the highest tariffs specifically targeting the advanced industries that Beijing is trying to capture and control. And the President has also made clear that we’ll levy even more tariffs, with the possibility of substantially more than doubling that number, unless a fair and reciprocal deal is made.

Our actions have had a major impact. China’s largest stock exchange fell by 25% in the first 9 months of this year, in large part because our administration has stood up to Beijing’s trade practices.

As President Trump has made clear, we don’t want China’s markets to suffer. In fact, we want them to thrive. But the United States wants Beijing to pursue trade policies that are free, fair, and reciprocal.

Sadly, China’s rulers have refused to take that path – so far. The American people deserve to know that, in response to the strong stand that President Trump has taken, Beijing is pursuing a comprehensive and coordinated campaign to undermine support for the President, our agenda, and our nation’s most cherished ideals.

I want to tell you today what we know about China’s actions – some of which we’ve gleaned from intelligence assessments, some of which are publicly available. But all of which is fact.

As I said before, Beijing is employing a whole-of-government approach to advance its influence and benefit its interests. It’s employing this power in more proactive and coercive ways to interfere in the domestic policies and politics of the United States.

The Chinese Communist Party is rewarding or coercing American businesses, movie studios, universities, think tanks, scholars, journalists, and local, state, and federal officials.

Worst of all, China has initiated an unprecedented effort to influence American public opinion, the 2018 elections, and the environment leading into the 2020 presidential elections…

To put it bluntly, President Trump’s leadership is working; and China wants a different American President.

China is meddling in America’s democracy. As President Trump said just last week, we have “found that China has been attempting to interfere in our upcoming 2018 [midterm] election[s].”

Our intelligence community says that “China is targeting U.S. state and local governments and officials to exploit any divisions between federal and local levels on policy. It’s using wedge issues, like trade tariffs, to advance Beijing’s political influence.”

In June, Beijing circulated a sensitive document, entitled “Propaganda and Censorship Notice,” that laid out its strategy. It states that China must “strike accurately and carefully, splitting apart different domestic groups” in the United States.

To that end, Beijing has mobilized covert actors, front groups, and propaganda outlets to shift Americans’ perception of Chinese policies. As a senior career member of our intelligence community recently told me, what the Russians are doing pales in comparison to what China is doing across this country.

Senior Chinese officials have also tried to influence business leaders to condemn our trade actions, leveraging their desire to maintain their operations in China. In one recent example, they threatened to deny a business license for a major U.S. corporation if it refused to speak out against our administration’s policies.

And when it comes to influencing the midterms, you need only look at Beijing’s tariffs in response to ours. They specifically targeted industries and states that would play an important role in the 2018 election. By one estimate, more than 80% of U.S. counties targeted by China voted for President Trump in 2016; now China wants to turn these voters against our administration.

And China is also directly appealing to the American voter. Last week, the Chinese government paid to have a multipage supplement inserted into the Des Moines Register – the paper of record in the home state of our Ambassador to China, and a pivotal state in 2018. The supplement, designed to look like news articles, cast our trade policies as reckless and harmful to Iowans.

Fortunately, Americans aren’t buying it. For example: American farmers are standing with this President and are seeing real results from the strong stands that he’s taken, including this week’s U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement, where we’ve substantially opened North American markets to U.S. products – a great win for American farmers and manufacturers.

But China’s actions aren’t focused solely on influencing our policies and politics. Beijing is also taking steps to exploit its economic leverage, and the allure of China’s large domestic market, to advance its influence over American corporations.

Beijing now requires American joint ventures that operate in China to establish “party organizations” within their company, giving the Communist Party a voice – and perhaps a veto – in hiring and investment decisions.

Chinese authorities have also threatened U.S. companies that depict Taiwan as a distinct geographic entity, or that stray from Chinese policy on Tibet. Beijing compelled Delta Airlines to publicly apologize for not calling Taiwan a “province of China” on its website. It also pressured Marriott to fire a U.S. employee who liked a tweet about Tibet.

Beijing routinely demands that Hollywood portray China in a strictly positive light, and it punishes studios and producers that don’t. Beijing’s censors are quick to edit or outlaw movies that criticize China, even in minor ways. “World War Z” had to cut the script’s mention of a virus originating in China. “Red Dawn” was digitally edited to make the villains North Korean, not Chinese.

Beyond business, the Chinese Communist Party is spending billions of dollars on propaganda outlets in the United States, as well as other countries.

China Radio International now broadcasts Beijing-friendly programming on over 30 U.S. outlets, many in major American cities. The China Global Television Network reaches more than 75 million Americans – and it gets its marching orders directly from its Communist Party masters. As China’s top leader put it during a visit to the network’s headquarters, “The media run by the Party and the government are propaganda fronts and must have the Party as their surname.”

That’s why, last month, the Department of Justice ordered that network to register as a foreign agent.

The Communist Party has also threatened and detained the Chinese family members of American journalists who pry too deep. And it has blocked the websites of U.S. media organizations and made it harder for our journalists to get visas. This happened after the New York Times published investigative reports about the wealth of some of China’s leaders.

But the media isn’t the only place where the Chinese Communist Party seeks to foster a culture of censorship. The same is true of academia.

Look no further than the Chinese Students and Scholars Associations, of which there are more than 150 branches across American campuses. These groups help organize social events for some of the more than 430,000 Chinese nationals studying in the United States; they also alert Chinese consulates and embassies when Chinese students, and American schools, stray from the Communist Party line.

At the University of Maryland, a Chinese student recently spoke at her graduation ceremony of what she called the “fresh air of free speech” in America. The Communist Party’s official newspaper swiftly chastised her, she became the victim of a firestorm of criticism on China’s tightly-controlled social media,and her family back home was harassed. As for the university itself, its exchange program with China – one of the nation’s most extensive – suddenly turned from a flood to a trickle.

China exerts academic pressure in other ways, too. Beijing provides generous funding to universities, think tanks, and scholars, with the understanding that they will avoid ideas that the Communist Party finds dangerous or offensive. China experts in particular know that their visas will be delayed or denied if their research contradicts Beijing’s talking points.

And even scholars and groups who avoid Chinese funding are targeted by that country, as the Hudson Institute found out firsthand. After you offered to host a speaker Beijing didn’t like, your website suffered a major cyber-attack, originating from Shanghai. You know better than most that the Chinese Communist Party is trying to undermine academic freedom and the freedom of speech in America today.

These and other actions, taken as a whole, constitute an intensifying effort to shift American public opinion and public policy away from the America First leadership of President Donald Trump. But our message to China’s rulers is this: This President will not back down – and the American people will not be swayed. We will continue to stand strong for our security and our economy, even as we hope for improved relations with Beijing.

Our administration will continue to act decisively to protect American interests, American jobs, and American security.

As we rebuild our military, we will continue to assert American interests across the Indo-Pacific.

As we respond to China’s trade practices, we will continue to demand an economic relationship with China that is free and fair and reciprocal, demanding that Beijing break down its trade barriers, fulfill its trade obligations, and fully open its economy, just as we have opened ours.

We will continue to take action until Beijing ends the theft of American intellectual property, and stops the predatory practice of forced technology transfer…

And to advance our vision of a free and open Indo-Pacific, we’re building new and stronger bonds with nations that share our values, across the region – from India to Samoa. Our relationships will flow from a spirit of respect, built on partnership, not domination.

We’re forging new trade deals, on a bilateral basis, just as last week, President Trump signed an improved trade deal with South Korea, and we will soon begin negotiating a historic bilateral free-trade deal with Japan.

And we’re streamlining international development and finance programs, giving foreign nations a just and transparent alternative to China’s debt-trap diplomacy. To that end, President Trump will sign the BUILD Act into law in the days ahead.

And next month, it will be my privilege to represent the United States in Singapore and Papua New Guinea, at ASEAN and APEC. There, we will unveil new measures and programs to support a free and open Indo-Pacific – and on behalf of the President, I will deliver the message that America’s commitment to the Indo-Pacific has never been stronger.

To protect our interests here at home, we’ve strengthened CFIUS – the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States – heightening our scrutiny of Chinese investment in America, to protect our national security from Beijing’s predatory actions.

And when it comes to Beijing’s malign influence and interference in American politics and policy, we will continue to expose it, no matter the form it takes. And we will work with leaders at every level of society to defend our national interests and most cherished ideals. The American people will play the decisive role – and in fact, they already are…

As we gather here, a new consensus is rising across America…

More business leaders are thinking beyond the next quarter, and thinking twice before diving into the Chinese market if it means turning over their intellectual property or abetting Beijing’s oppression. But more must follow suit. For example, Google should immediately end development of the “Dragonfly” app that will strengthen Communist Party censorship and compromise the privacy of Chinese customers…

More journalists are reporting the truth without fear or favor, and digging deep to find where China is interfering in our society, and why – and we hope that more American, and global, news organizations will join in this effort.

More scholars are speaking out forcefully and defending academic freedom, and more universities and think tanks are mustering the courage to turn away Beijing’s easy money, recognizing that every dollar comes with a corresponding demand. We’re confident that more will join their ranks.

And across the nation, the American people are growing in vigilance, with a newfound appreciation for our administration’s actions to re-set America’s economic and strategic relationship with China, to finally put America First.

And under President Trump’s leadership, America will stay the course. China should know that the American people and their elected representatives in both parties are resolved.

As our National Security Strategy states: “Competition does not always mean hostility.” As President Trump has made clear, we want a constructive relationship with Beijing, where our prosperity and security grow together, not apart. While Beijing has been moving further away from this vision, China’s rulers can still change course, and return to the spirit of “reform and opening” and greater freedom. The American people want nothing more; the Chinese people deserve nothing less.

The great Chinese story-teller Lu Xun often lamented that his country “has either looked down at foreigners as brutes, or up to them as saints, but never as equals.” Today, America is reaching out our hand to China; we hope that Beijing will soon reach back – with deeds, not words, and with renewed respect for America. But we will not relent until our relationship with China is grounded in fairness, reciprocity, and respect for sovereignty.

There is an ancient Chinese proverb that tells us that “men see only the present, but heaven sees the future.” As we go forward, let us pursue a future of peace and prosperity with resolve and faith…

Faith in President Trump’s leadership, and the relationship that he has forged with China’s president…

Faith in the enduring friendship between the American people and the Chinese people…

Faith that heaven sees the future – and by God’s grace, America and China will meet that future together.

Thank you. God bless you. And God bless the United States of America.

ブドウ1粒を万引きした疑いで、73歳の男が逮捕された。テレビのニュースショーでは本件を話題にはしていないようだが、次の二点を考えてみたい。

ひとつは、窃盗罪が構成されるか否か。彼は「盗んでいません」と容疑を否認しているのだから、故意はなかったようだ。加えて、彼の刑事責任能力があるか否も問題だ(後述)。

もうひとつは、政府が『観光先進国』への新たな国づくりに向けて今年3月30日に『明日の日本を支える観光ビジョン構想会議』で新たな観光ビジョン『明日の日本を支える観光ビジョン』を策定したことに関連して。2020年の訪日外国人旅行者を4000万人にすべく、この観光ビジョンを策定し、異文化の人々が日本国内で安心して快適に滞在できる環境の向上を図ろうというのだが、「ブドウ1粒問題」は彼らによっても起こり得るに違いない。ブドウを1粒、味見で食べてみて、口に合わなかったので購入しなかった場合に、万引きとして取り扱うのだろうか。昔、クイーンズ区のフラッシング市で暮していた時のこと。近くのスーパーマーケットの「パス・マークでよく買い物をしたが、目についたのがショッピング中にチョコレートを半分食べてから、缶ジュースを飲んでからレジで会計する人たちであった。盗むわけではなく、きちんとお金を払って購入するのだ。ただ、購入前に飲んだり食べたりするということ。一刻も早く食べたいという子に食べさせている親の姿もあった。だから、日本の青果店などでは「購入マナー」(日本文化)を広く、英語・フランス語・ロシア語・中国語・スペイン語・アラビア語で告知する必要があるだろう。
ブドウ1粒万引き疑い 福岡、73歳の男逮捕
(テレ朝news 2018年10月3日 18時44分)
 ブドウの実1粒を万引きした疑いで73歳の男が逮捕されました。
 警察によりますと、福岡市の無職・金子伸之容疑者は3日午前10時前、市内にあるディスカウントストア内の青果店で1房799円のブドウ1粒を盗み食いした疑いが持たれています。青果店の店長が店内で隠れて見張っていたところ、金子容疑者がブドウ1粒を食べるところを目撃し、その場で取り押さえました。警察の調べに、金子容疑者は「盗んでいません」と容疑を否認しています。

福岡、ブドウ1粒万引疑い
73歳の男逮捕

(共同 2018/10/3 23:20)
 福岡県警東署は3日、青果店でブドウ1粒(55円相当)を食べて万引したとして、窃盗の疑いで福岡市東区の無職の男(73)を現行犯逮捕した。署によると「盗んでいない」と容疑を否認している。ブドウの品種は「ピオーネ」。
 逮捕容疑は3日午前9時45分ごろ、東区香住ケ丘1丁目の青果店で、売り場に陳列してあったブドウの房から1粒をもぎ取り、その場で食べて盗んだ疑い。
 東署によると、この店では約半年前からブドウが1粒だけもぎ取られる被害が相次いでいた。この日は店長がブドウを取る容疑者の男を目撃し、取り押さえたという。


閑話休題(ソレハサテオキ)。


「万引き」は刑法の「窃盗罪」に該当する。
刑法235条: 他人の財物を窃取した者は、窃盗の罪とし、十年以下の懲役又は五十万円以下の罰金に処する。

しかしながら、万引きをしたという結果だけで窃盗罪が構成されるわけではない。窃盗罪が成立する必要条件は以下のとおり。

1.構成要件を満たしているか
イ)実行行為:73歳の男が青果店のブドウ(他の財物)を盗み食い(窃取)した。しかし、半年前から彼が継続的に盗み食いしていたのかは定かではない。
ロ)結果: 青果店がブドウ(財物)を窃取された(占有の移転)。しかしながら、半年間の盗み食いが本件73歳の男によるものかどうかは分からない。
ハ)因果関係: 3日午前10時の実行行為と結果の関係は明らか。しかし、この半年間の盗み食いに関しては本件73歳の男の行為か否か定かではない。
二)故意: 本件73歳の男に万引きをしている自覚があるかどうかは定かではない。
ホ)不法領得の意思:判例では「権利者を排除し、他人の物を自己の所有物と同様に(支配意思)、その経済的用法に従いこれを利用し又は処分する意思(用益意思)」とされるもの。前半の権利者排除意思は自分のものとして他人の財物を使っていると言えるのかということを検討し、後半の利用処分意思は専ら毀棄隠匿(ききいんとく:物の本来の効用を消滅・減少させる)の意思からなされた行為と言えるのか否かを検討する。
2.違法性があるのか
本件73歳の男が半年間、反復継続していた(証拠があるなら)なら悪質性が高いのだから、立件される可能性は高い。
3.責任を問えるのか
刑法第39条には『刑事責任能力のない人は処罰の対象外とする、または、処罰を軽減する』という記述がある。理由は、違法な行為を行った者に対して責任を問うためには事理弁識能力(物事の善し悪しが判断できる能力)と行動抑制能力(自身の行動を律することができる能力)が必要とされているから。刑法第39条が適用されるのは、 崟鎖西祿下圈廖Ю鎖西祿下圓涼罎任癲行為の善悪の判断がまったくつかない人は“心神喪失者”として、判断能力が著しくつきにくい状態の人は“心神耗弱者”として扱われる。脳の「前頭葉」や「側頭葉前方」の萎縮が生じるために起こる前頭側頭型認知症になると、感情をコントロールしたり、理性的な行動ができなくなったり、計画を立てたり、状況を把握する機能が少しずつ失われていく。◆崚タ貍態者・薬物乱用者」:精神障害を持っていなくても、上と同様に、行為の善悪の判断がまったくつかない人や判断能力が低い人。しかし、自らの意思で泥酔状態に陥ったような場合は、完全な刑事責任を問われる可能性もある。

高齢者万引き、独居が半数 都が初の実態調査
(日経 2017/3/23 21:05)
 東京都の有識者会議は23日、万引きをして摘発された高齢者の犯行の背景などを分析した全国で初めての実態調査の結果を発表した。約半数は独り暮らしで、家族との関わりが薄いことなどによる孤立感が万引きに至った要因として考えられると指摘した。
 調査は警視庁の協力を得て昨年9〜11月に実施。万引きで窃盗容疑で逮捕され、送検はされず微罪処分になった65歳以上の56人から日常生活などについて回答を得た。その上で都内の一般の高齢者を対象に、約1300人が答えた同様の調査結果と比較した。
 万引きで摘発された高齢者のうち独居は46%だったのに対し、一般高齢者は14%だった。話し相手の有無についても「誰もいない」がそれぞれ29%、2%と大きな開きがあった。
 自身の生活ぶりについて尋ねると、「大変苦しい」「やや苦しい」の合計が摘発された高齢者は45%に上り、一般は18%。将来の生活への不安が「よくある」のもそれぞれ39%、16%と差が浮き彫りになった。
 都内で摘発された万引き事件のうち、65歳以上の割合は、2010年は21%だったが、16年は29%と上昇傾向にある。有識者会議は「高齢者の孤立を防止する取り組みが必要」と提言した。


禄明軒_20180612_131604
築地移転に伴い、大好きな禄明軒はしばらくお休み。写真は今年6月。


大きな笑顔の佳き週末・連休を。


辞書にある whitewash という言葉は、 汚れた建物等を漆喰(しっくい)で塗ったことに由来していて、「〜のうわべを飾る、〜をごまかす、歪曲する、表沙汰にならないようにする」と訳されてきた。最近は辞書にない意味で使われていて、トム・クルーズ主演の『ラストサムライ』のように他国の文化を題材にして白人俳優が配役された作品に対して、「白人化された」という意味で whitewashing が使われている。1995年11月公開のアニメ映画『GHOST IN THE SHELL / 攻殻機動隊』(監督:押井守; 原作:士郎正宗)は、実写映画化されて2017年3月31日全米で、4月7日に日本で公開(監督:ルパート・サンダース;脚本:ジョナサン・ハーマン&ジェイミー・モス)された。日本人である草薙素子をスカーレット・ヨハンソンが演じたことで、whitewashing(ホワイトウォッシング)であるという批判が起こった。原作者の士郎正宗氏(1961年11月生)は、義体の顔の決定手法について有名人の顔を使うこともあるだろうとし、「ハリウッド版の攻殻機動隊の主人公は映画女優のスカーレット・ヨハンソンさん型の義体を使っているようだ」と述べた。草薙素子の義体は高性能だが、目立たないよう造形は大量生産された物と同じという設定になっている。

今年3月31日から北米で、4月7日から日本で公開中の映画『Crazy Rich Asians(邦題:クレイジー・リッチ!)』は、全米で3週連続興収1位(‘Crazy Rich Asians’ Tops Box Office for Third Week)となった。この作品はアジア人の原作、アジア人の監督、そして全員アジア人のキャスティングで描かれている。原作者が白人俳優の起用を拒否したことに因るものらしい。$30 millionのBudget(製作費)で、$218.9 millionのBox office(北米興行収入)を得ている。合衆国にとってを描いた映画です。合衆国にとってエポックメーキングな映画です。



閑話休題(ソレハサテオキ)。


沖縄県知事選挙は今年8月8日に翁長雄志知事が死去したことに伴い執行されたもので、9月13日に告示され9月30日投開票となった。結果は、玉城 デニー氏(玉城康裕:1959年10月生)が当選。今回の選挙で、彼が掲げた政策は以下のとおり。施策(しさく)したいことなのだと思う。津田大介氏が編集長を務める「ポリタス」が『「沖縄県知事選2018」から考える』と題して特集を組んでいる。見てみよう。→ http://politas.jp/
【経済振興】
1人あたりの県民所得を現在の216.6万円から271万円へ(2021年度までに)
縦貫鉄軌道を導入
観光振興へ「東洋のカリブ海」構想などで入域観光客1,200万人へ
アジア経済戦略構想を継承・発展させる形で、アジア全体を市場とするパーツセンターなど臨空・臨港型産業集積の促進
国際医療拠点形成に向けた健康医療分野やバイオ産業の育成
県内産業の競争力を強化するとともにアジアにおけるビジネスの拠点をめざし、 国家戦略特区等を活用した規制緩和や制度改革に取り組む
新たな財源として「観光・環境協力税」を観光客などから集める制度を導入する
10年間で新規就農者3千人増
【子育て・福祉】
保育料の無料化
子ども医療費の無料化拡大
待機児童ゼロ(2019年度中に)
中学・高校生のバス通学無料化
給付型奨学金の拡充
特養ホームを283床増(2020年度までに)
離島住民の移動コストと生活コストを低減する。小規模離島の割高な水道料金も低減する
「県LGBT宣言」をおこない、社会的少数者を排除せず互いに尊重しあう共生の社会づくりをすすめる
【環境】
やんばるの森と海を守るために、自然保護への啓蒙、県民運動を通じた「やんばるの森・いのちの水基金」(仮称)の創設に取り組む
世界自然遺産への登録をめざし、地域の協力と広く県民の意識を高めるための活動を支援する
【米軍基地】
宜野湾市内の普天間基地の即時運用停止・閉鎖・撤去
あらゆる手法を使い、名護市辺野古に新基地を造らせない
日米地位協定の抜本改定を国に求める。特に、「日米地位協定の実施に伴う航空法の特例に関する法律」を廃止し、在日米軍にも日本の国内法を遵守させるよう強く求める

本日、第4次安倍改造内閣の新しい防衛大臣に就任した岩屋毅氏(1957年8月生)は、日米地位協定の改定に取り組んだことがある。2002年に発足した、自民党国会議員でつくる日米地位協定の改定を目指す議連に所属し、副会長として地位協定に関し「(日米の)互いの信頼のためにも改定する必要がある」と訴え、米兵被疑者を起訴前に日米共同で拘禁することなどを盛り込んだ改定案策定などに携わった。彼は玉城新知事と建設的な討議・交流ができる人物だ。新沖縄県知事と新防衛大臣の登場により、日本政府は沖縄県民の世論に今まで以上に耳を傾ける契機を手にした。軍事外交問題は県政の範囲を超える国政上の問題ではあっても、沖縄県宜野湾市に設置されて いる合衆国海兵隊普天間飛行場の機能を果たす基地・施設を同県名護市辺野古に移設させるのかどうかという問題に関しては、地元である県政に権限があるということは知っておきたい。

県民の代表は県議会議員と知事であり、県民の福祉の向上や社会資本の整備などを図るため互いに協力して県政を運営する。県民の利益になることで、県だけでは解決できないことについて、議会の意見や要望を「意見書」としてまとめ、国会や国の関係機関に提出する権限がある。

参考: 流れのままに 「小市民的道徳の大胆な蹂躙」(2010年08月24日)


さて、昨日早朝、日本列島を縦断するコースを取った大型で強い台風24号は岩手県付近を通って太平洋に抜けた。山手線や京浜東北線、中央・総武線など首都圏のJR在来線は安全が確認できた区間から運行を再開した。三鷹駅は昨日の朝、ホームから人があふれるというタブーを回避するため駅構内への入場規制を行った。結果、駅から人があふれて、混乱を生じた。
相当程度の輸送力の低下が予見でき、なおかつ通信手段が発達・普及しているのだが、今のところ職場における不要不急の通勤制御をシステム化は未だなされていない。学校だって、早期に休校を判断して通学者及び保護者に連絡できるテクノロジーはあるというのに、システム化の兆しは見られない。自治体とJRまたはバス会社と学校や企業などが連携し、有事の際(非常の事態が起こるであろう時)にはエリア全体の流動を数時以内に逓減する制度(インフラストラクチャー)を常備したいところだ。

国土交通省は、災害の発生を前提に、防災関係機関が連携して災害時に発生する状況を予め想定し共有した上で、「いつ」、「誰が」、「何をするか」に着目して、防災行動とその実施主体を時系列で整理した計画である『タイムライン』を提言してきた。国、地方公共団体、企業、住民等が連携してタイムラインを策定することにより、災害時に連携した対応を行うことができると考えている。→ http://www.mlit.go.jp/river/bousai/timeline/
にもかかわらず、三鷹駅での混乱は起こってしまった!なぜだろうか。よく考えてみよう。
中部電力によると、静岡県内では本日(2日)午後5時現在、約14万戸が停電している。停止した配電線807回線のうち半数以上に飛来物が張り付いたり、倒木が接触したりしている。この停電により、断水も併発。全体の復旧は4日までかかる見通。
『タイムライン』という社会装置によって、最小限の適切な情報をインプットしてより大きな情報エネルギーをアウトプットするなら、私たち民衆の非常時のQOL(Quality of life:生活の質)が期待できそうだ。『タイムライン』が日本のインフラストラクチャーとなることを願って止まない。


その昔、作詞家・脚本家・政治評論家・作家の川内康範氏(かわうち・こうはん:1920年2月〜2008年4月)は、「愛の戦士・レインボーマン」を創作なさった。1971年10月、インドと東パキスタンが起こした第3次印パ戦争の激しい攻防があった。1970年のサイクロンによって東パキスタン国土の殆どが水没、30〜50万人に上る死者を出し、西パキスタンに位置していた中央政府の怠慢に市民は憤った。そこで西パキスタンからの独立運動が広がったが、その独立を阻止するべく、パキスタン軍が制圧を開始した。すると東パキスタンから多くの難民が発生し、インドに流れ込んだ。しかし貧しいインドに大量の難民を抱えるだけの力はなく、インドは東パキスタン独立のため介入し、1971年に3度目の全面戦争となった。その中に、一人の日本人の姿があった。彼の名はヤマトタケシ。彼は、妹みゆきの足の治療費を得るため、プロレスラーとなる実力が必要であった。そのため、超能力者・ダイバダッタを探していたのだ。やがて、タケシに虹の男の夢をはせるダイバダッタは、自らタケシの前に現れ、タケシを弟子と認め、厳しい修行を課せる。そして戦場の兵士をよみがえらせるダイバダッタの偉大な人類愛に触れたタケシもまた、彼同様にいつしか己が欲を捨て去っていったのであった。1年後、ダイバダッタは修行の意味と、虹の男の使命を語り、150年の寿命を終えた。その時、タケシの体にダイバダッタの魂が合体し、愛の戦士・レインボーマンが誕生したのだった。昨夜から今朝に掛け38.8度の熱が出て大変な思いをしたのだが、この「行け・レインボーマン」の歌を呟きながら乗り越えた。めでたし、めでたし。結界を張る力があるようです。お試しください。



大きな笑顔の佳き10月を。
風邪など引きませぬように。


(追記)
沖縄選挙への資金工作議論=65年にライシャワー駐日大使−米公文書
(時事 2018/10/17-12:02)
エドウィン・ライシャワー元駐日米大使
 【ワシントン時事】米ジョージ・ワシントン大学の国家安全保障公文書館は16日、沖縄返還前の1965年に当時のライシャワー駐日大使らが米統治下にあった沖縄政策を話し合った米政府の極秘会議メモを公表した。この中で同大使は沖縄の選挙に影響を与えるための資金工作を提起、自民党の政治家を介して資金を投入することを提案していた。
  「琉球(沖縄)における米国の政策」と題するメモによると、会議は7月16日に開かれ、ほかにスタンリー・リーザー陸軍長官らが出席した。
 この中でライシャワー大使は、選挙への工作をめぐり、米政府が直接資金を投入するのでなく、自民党の政治家に託して最も効果的な方法で使ってもらうことが「より安全な方法だ」と提起。「二つのルートを使うリスクを負うべきでない」と指摘した。
 出席者からは、政治家に渡した場合に「きちんと琉球側に届くのか」と懸念する声もあった。しかし、ライシャワー大使は「日本の保守政治家にとっても、選挙の勝利は死活的に重要」として問題ないとの認識を表明。沖縄に対し、日本の政治家も金をつぎ込むとの見方を示し、「彼らの資金に上乗せしてもらうだけで、完全に秘匿できる」と主張した。

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