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2009ǯ05

da768526.JPGϡĥ88Фˤʤ줿бļԤˤ񤤤10ǯ֤ˤ񤤤ϡضڤԥȿӤơĤä

ϱס˾Ƥơ100ͶᤤȰΤߤʤ鵷дǤä

ǤϤ뤬ǯ˼̿ȤȹͤȤäȤ꤯ˡĸʼڶˤǤʤȻפäƤޤäǤä

ȤΤȻפäƤ⡢ڤʤʬѤơߤƤäߤʤ˿Ωʤơ̤˻ͤʤΤǤä顢̤ˡĸԤΤߤʤʤߤƤ줿ˤ˿ʤȼպᤷƤޤä

ȡߤʤ󤫤顢ʿ彭Ȥϸ鷺ˡɤȤ³Ƥ礵ƤʤDzȤӤä

줫ϡޤDZĶȤƤʤäԻԤǼ򤹤ʤɤơ¤˽Ҥ䤷Ƥä

䡡10ǯۤʤٶ򤵤ƤΤǤ

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ơ᤯ä


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ʬŷʬȤΤϡñʬʤ褦ץव졢
ᡢϤ뤫餳
̣襤롣

ɤ

9f9fe35f.jpgϤ褦ޤ
ᤴǤ

īۤSunSun
ɤλϤޤǤ

դ뤳Ȥե󥹸Ǥϡ顼(collage)Ȥ峨μˡȤơ̿ʪʤɤڤŽꤷƤĤ뤳Ȥ⥳顼ȸƤФƤ롣

åϡ˥ɤꤷ˻ؤɮǿĤȴŽĤƤ顼μˡλȤȤΤ롣塢ڱݥǥѡȣΡ֥åŸפ­򱿤ǽǤä

ƻҤǤäʤɤ񤵤ƤʾСˡʤΥϡȤˤѴۤαѤơۥäȤ롣ں߻֤10ʬۤɡ

ѴۤܥȥٳΥϡȤϹ罰ŵŪʥ˥Сƥ󡣥ߥåޥȥۥ衼åϥץ㡼åϡȥåƥ˥Сƥ֡ޥ塼åġU MASS˥ϡȹ롣5Ĥش֤ǤϡɤγعμȤǤ⼫ͳ뤳ȤǤ޽ۤʤѲǽʥƥबۤƤ롣http://www.fivecolleges.edu/

ϡȤȤС顼Ρ

18ͤǥϡȥåؤ1850ǯ˥ɥġå󥲥Υ륮ؤžؤơФ˴ޤޤ°βع¤ơޤȤʸϼؤιƤ롣1852ǯ칻ϡȥå˹ֻդȤƷޤ졢ܤä

1876ǯ515ܤظƥޥ奻åؤ´2ͤȶ˥ϡȤȯҤȤϡۥ顼¬ĴŴƻߤΤĴʤɤԤʤäڵա⤦ҤȤϡڥϥDzءѸζաե󥷥˾겣ͤͳڤ夷Τ731814ϻعγ񼰤줿ơ1877ǯ416ܤȯϡȤؤȸä8֤ںߤǡ¿ܿͤƤԤǤä

õʥϥƥˡ

ƥ٥륰ץhttp://www.gutenberg.org/wiki/Main_PageǤϡ28,000ܤ̵ɤ롣ܼϼʶǤ뤬褭դ򤳤˸Ĥ

Your only investment is your time.ͣλܤϻ֤Ǥ
Your only requirement is an interest in learning.ͣ׷ϡؤӤؤζ̣Ǥ

ޤȤʤ졣

John F Kennedyϡ1961ǯ120νǤǤä

"All this will not be finished in the first one hundred days.
Nor will it be finished in the first one thousand days. . .
nor in the life of this administration,
nor even perhaps in our lifetime on this planet.
But let us begin."

֤Τ٤Ƥǽ100֤ã뤳ȤϤʤ
ɤǽ1000֤Ǥ⡢Ǥˤ⡢
뤤Ϥ줬ϵƤ֤Ǥ⡢
餯ãʤ
ȤˤϤ褦ǤϤʤ

John F Kennedy⥯顼ΤƱ
ޥ塼åĽνпȤǤä

äꡢΤӤꡢ
дǻޤ礦




̿ϥˡǥhttp://www.yuni-garden.co.jp/ˤơ

d6913e28.jpgϡԣ֤3˻ϤޤȽ٤ơޤˤȤѤɤ⥷åꤳʤۤΤȽªƤ餷ʤȤäƤ罰פʤΤˡܤ¿ʤΤϤΤϡ罰١Bill of RightsˤƱªƤȤϡͤƤߤȡĹʤޤդ礤ꤤޤ

ܹˡ31ˡֲͤ⡢ˡΧ³ˤʤС̿㤷ϼͳå졢Ϥ¾ηȳʤʤפȽ񤫤Ƥ롣

ʸϡNo person shall be deprived of life or liberty, nor shall any other criminal penalty be imposed, except according to procedure established by law.

ˡΧ³פˤʤȽ両ϺäƤʤΤǤꡢ31ϡֺ᷺ˡפȤȽ٤κιͤ򼨤Ƥ롣

顢ˡϺȽ뤿ΤΤǤäơ̱ˡȤϰäƹ̱Τ˽񤫤줿ˡΧǤϤʤޤƤȺԤȺͽ뤿ˤϽ񤫤Ƥʤ

տ򤹤뤳Ȥڡֿͤ򻦤Ԥϡ෺̵㤷3ǯʾĨ˽褹סʷˡ199ˤ¾ͤκʪ褷ԤϡκȤ10ǯʲĨ˽褹ס235ˤʤɡɤˤ⻦ʡʤȤϽ񤤤Ƥʤ

˹ͤʤ顢ͤ򻦤⤦ˡˤϰȿȤˤʤʤ巺ˡϹ̱оݤˤƤʤ顢ʤΤ

ˡʾˡïоݤˤ̿ᤫͤƤߤ褦

ΤߤǤԽʬϹΤʤϤФ̿ᡣȽϻˡ°Ϲ°ܤΰǤäơȸϤ͡ʥȥˡˤǤ롣

äơԹʤȤܤΥޥߤϡιȸϤͤ븡Ĵ٤ȯɽȤ¤ȤѤäƤ롣

줬郎ܤǤϡȽۤΤΤȤư֤ŤƵפޤơȺԤۤΤΤǤϤʤȽǤϡͭ᤬ꤹޤ̵Ȥߤʤ롣äơ̱ȤˤȽǤϡȺԤۤפȤϵꤨʤ顢ɽϻȤʤͤФʤʤ

ǤϡïȽǺۤΤ

ǤꡢϤۤ롣ηٻˡ̳áä˻ޤǡ٤Ʒʾˡ˽ʤФʤʤ٤ƤιϤ롼뤬ˤ롣

ʾˡ˿԰٤򸡻ԤʤäȤϡϡ¨̵Ȥʤ롣餬ʤФʤʤˡΧ¾ˤ¿롣¦ΩĤʤ顢ˡΧ֤˾Ǥ⿨뤳ȤʤưƤʤФʤʤ

θ§ǥ塼ץ(due process)ǡܹˡ31according to procedure established by lawˡΧ³ˤŬˡ³ˤ̣Ƥ롣

¤ˤϡ¦ȺΩڤǤʤȤˤϡȺԤ̵ˤʤ뤳ȤǤ⡢ȺԤ̵Ȥˤʤ볲⡢Ϥγ礭ȹͤΤ̱Ǥ롣ʤʤ顢ҤȤȺԤʤ밭⡢ȤԤʤ礭ʥǤ뤫顣顢ˡΧǹϤʤФʤʤ

ܤǤ1928ǯ1943ǯˡȽˤĤơ濳פѤƤ15ǯ֤濳Ƚ500᤯»ܤ17̵ȤȤƤ⡢ߤ٤Ƥ⡢ä٤̵Ψ򼨤ˡΧǤϺȽĹ濳ȽǤȹͤˤϤऱ뤳ȤƤ濳³ǽǤä

罰ϤɤʤΤ

ˡ1򤫤齤10ϸŵBill of RightsˤȸƤФ졢̱δŪ͸˴ؤ뵬Ǥꡢˡľ1789ǯ1罰IJƤ졢1791ǯ12»ܤ줿̾1689ǯꤵ줿ѹΡָŵ(Bill of Rights)פͳ褹롣

5濳ݾ㡢ŤνȳζػߡŬˡ³ʥǥ塼ץˡ⻺ݾ
ͤ⡢濳ιȯޤϵʤˤʤС෺ʤ᤽¾ѺˤĤդ蘆뤳ȤϤʤΦޤ⤷ϸδ˺ݤƸ˷̳Ƥ̱ʼˤˤĤƤϡθ¤ǤϤʤͤ⡢ƱȺˤĤƽŤͤ̿Τδˤ餵뤳ȤϤʤͤ⡢ˤƼʤʾڿͤȤʤ뤳Ȥ뤳ȤϤʤޤŬˡ³due process of lawˤˤ餺ˡ̿ͳޤϺ⻺å뤳ȤϤʤͤ⡢ʤˡͭ⻺ѤΤħ뤳ȤϤʤ

Amendment V
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

6濳®ʸκȽ¾ο͸ݾ
٤ƤηɤˤƎͤώȺ᤬Ԥʤ줿ӻˡΧˤä줿϶θʿ濳ˤ®ʸκȽĻȸȤˤĤƹΤ븢ͭ뎡ͤώʤʾڿͤȤмᎤʤͭʾڿͤ뤿˶³ꎤޤʤɵ(ܤ)Τ۸ͤα븢ͭ뎡

Amendment VI
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.

Τ褦ˡ罰1791ǯηˡ6Ǥ٤Ƥλ̱ˡָʿ濳ˤ®ʸȽ븢פݾ㤷϶ƱΤٿͤ˼ʬκȽȽǤ򤪤ʤäƤ餦ξǧǤä濳٤γ˿ϿȺȽӽ̱Ƚξǻ¤ȽǼԤϰ̤ˡŪˡ夫Ȥˤ롣ϻ̱̿ˡ٤ΤҤȤĤ̤Ǥꡢˡˤ18ŪǥǤ롣

濳ߤ濳Ȥʤ뤳Ȥϻ̱ε̳ʤΤͤǤ̱濳ˤǤ̳Ԥ븢ޤϸʿ濳븢ĤȤ礭ʰ̣롣

ǡ郎ܤΡֺȽλä뷺Ƚ˴ؤˡΧפ򸫤Ƥߤ褦ˡΧλܹԤäơȽ٤21ϤޤΤˡΧ1ʼݡˤˤϼΤ褦ˤ롣

֤ˡΧϡ̱椫Ǥ줿ȽȽȶ˷ʾټ³˴Ϳ뤳ȤˡФ̱ʤȤοθ˻񤹤뤳Ȥˤ󤬤ߡȽλä뷺Ƚ˴ؤȽˡʾǯˡΧ޽˵ڤӷʾˡʾ󽽻ǯˡΧɴˤ§¾ɬפʻΤȤ롣

ξʸ餫ʤ褦ˡ٤濳Jury system:̵̱ͭȽǤ򤹤ˤǤϤʤSchoeffengerichl system;trial by consultation:ȺȽȻ̱ƱȽǤˤǤ롣

ΩˡŪϡػˡФ̱ʤȤοθ٤ǤäơȺȽӽ̱Ƚξǻ¤ȽǼԤϰ̤ˡŪˡ夫뤳ȤǤϤʤ

δ鸫ʤ顢濳Ȼˤ礭ʳ֤꤬롣㤨С濳ȽǤͤ濳Ǥ뤬ǤϻǤʤ

1928ǯ1943ǯηȽˤĤƤΡ濳פηиѾȯŸ濳³Ѥ٤Ƴ٤ǤäߡϤˤäƿͺʤ󤶤̵¤κˤĤƤ롣̱μǡϤ̱̿ͤФʤʤʤΤ顣

õʥϥƥˡ

ʸϤ񤤤Ƥ˰ܤää
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20Ǿ˾ƤͤǤä
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