ܤϣͼ׻յĤǡηˡѹƸŪ˽ŪҸιԻǧꤷϡ19ͤγνΤߤ̩Ǥʤ줿λŪ䵡ؤǤְݾˡŪפκƹۤ˴ؤ뺩̲פˡɤξϺĹʸο͡ˤˤѹ١򤷤ǤΤȤǤä

ˡϡΩβǤϹ񸢡ʻϼԡˤ«롣ܹˡ92ˡŪã뤿ᡢΦ¾Ϥϡݻʤθ︢ϡǧʤIn order to accomplish the aim of the preceding paragraph, land, sea, and air forces, as well as other war potential, will never be maintained. The right of belligerency of the state will not be recognized.ˡפȤΤϡ򤹤Ȥ񸢤κ¤ιԻȤ䤿ܤ̱ǧޤ衢ȤȡޤǤܤϡ91ˡܹ̱ϡĴȤʿ¤¤˴ᤷ񸢤ȯưȡϤˤҳϤιԻȤϡʶ褹ʤȤƤϡʵפˤ롣Aspiring sincerely to an international peace based on justice and order, the Japanese people forever renounce war as a sovereign right of the nation and the threat or use of force as means of settling international disputes.ˡפȤ̤ˡ뤿μҸιԻȤǧ뤬ŪҸԻȤ˼ҤϰϤĶƤȲᤷơΩƤ

ܤΩȤǤꡢܤϡܹˡפ˴ŤԤȤprincipleˤäƤ롣ơܤθҤˡϷˡ²֤Ƥ롣ϡ䤿ܤ̱ˡȤ¤ĤܤǧƤȤȡ顢ŪҸιԻȤǧȤä褦ʡˡβƤѤˤϡˡˤԤΤƻʤ顢ֲˤˡؤƸˡβܻؤ褦ȤơܤΩȤδĤΤƤƤޤȤʤ褦ˤ

ˡѹ䤷ʤˤϡŪҸιԻȤβ²ɬפ롣Τˡˡס1954ǯ69ˡΧ165ˤջˡסʡּջ֤˺ݤƲ椬ʿµڤӰݤ뤿֤˴ؤˡΧס1999ǯ528ˡΧ60ˤʤɤθˡβԤˡͿ¿εIJ̲ᤷƤ⡢ǹȽΰΩˡȯưˤꡢ̵ȤǹȽֹ꤬٤ŪȽǤ˴ؤΤǤ뤫顢ܷȽȽǤڤ֤ΤǤϤʤפȽǤ򤷤ϡˡβͭȤʤ롣ȽǤϡΩˡˡλʬΩλˡΩ浯뤳Ȥˤʤ롣

ưݾ˴ŤʬôɱҶϤΤλؿˡסʥɥ饤ˤβפꡢ罰äơǯɤܤϽŪҸιԻǧˡޤǤȸ롣ۤƤ餤Ȥ롣郎Ϲ罰񤫤饢ե˥ʶ2001ǯߡˤؤμɸ줿ȤäʡĹ׼1936ǯ716ˤϡܤˤˡΧ뤫ǤʤפǤä̡μȼɸȵۤλ󶡤ˤ2008ǯ924դá̱ۤο򼭿ơ2012ǯ1116νı򻶤ˤȤʤʡĻϽıİǤκ±äĤꡢҤȤĤϡ¤̿ס⤦ҤȤĤϡΡֹ¢ϲ¸¾ͤμĥס⤷̤ˡΧˤäƽŪҸιԻȤǤ褦ˤʤȡ罰ˤϣΣϤȸʤʤꡢܤ̿礭뤳Ȥˤʤ꤫ͤʤޤǤϡܤˤϷˡ9򤬤ޤפȤȤǡ軲ä³Ƥ¢ʤˤܤ̱¸ʤ˽Фӡϡˤ򿶤鷺ˡ˽ФʤȤɤϡ䤿ܤ̱̿Ȳ²Ⱥ⻺ҷŤǤ롣

ơܹˡ92˵줿ηˡβϡƵıİλʬʾλǡ񤬡ȯĤ̱ƤƤξǧФʤФʤʤξǧˤϡ̤ι̱ɼϹκݹԤϤɼˤơβȾλɬפȤפȤ³򥤥᡼Ƥߤ褦 ξİ3ʬ2ʾλȯĤθԤֹ̱ɼˤȾλפˤĤƤϡ᡼ͯƤʤ⤽⡢ˡξʸѤ뤳ȤλݡʻȿСˤ줿ˡ䤿ġͤϤȽǤɤΤŪҸιԻǧβˤĤƤɤפפȤäŪˤĤơ䤿̱ΰոΤϺˤĤƤμ碌Ƥİ䤿̱ܿʬ䤹뤹줬Ƚ롣

Ȥ̳᤿ѹȡ򴱡˲ȤǤäॺ֥饤James Bryce18381922ˤϡ1888ǯ罰ܺ٤˽Ҥإꥫ¹The American Commonwealthˡ٤Ǥϡ˥塼󥰥Υߡƥ󥰤Ҳ𤷤Ƥ롣Ǥϡ̱عηߡƻϩϰݡƱҾδʤɤƤĤѤ̱ɤΤ褦ʬô뤫ޤᡢʬꤷƤϤΤ褦ʥߡƥ󥰤Τ򡢱̵̸ɤտ¥ȤȤˡ­٤ɤλȤߤȹͤǯϸʹȤˡ罰ޤᡢޤޤʹض̱Modern Democraciesˡ٤ΰյˤĤƲThe best school of democracy and the best guarantee for its success is the practice of local self-government.ϡ̱κɤγعκɤݾڿˤȤͭ̾ʸդܽ˻Ĥ̱ΡֺɤγعפǤϡֽ̱ФơƱβˤĤƤζƱռޤƱβ꤬ΨŪ˽褦դʧĿ͡ƱΤȤƤε̳򼫳ФפȤȤˡ٤QƻȽϡơҸפϹͤ

䤿ϡˡˤɽʹİˤȤǻäƤ롣ϼ̱ˤδܤǤϤ뤬Ūʻä椨ˡȤ⤹¸ߤˤʤ꤬ϡŪ˻ä뤳ȤǡαĤߤˤĤƤδŪʻؤӡ˴ؤܤȤˤĤ뤳ȤǤ롣֥饤ϡФ줿IJĹȤͳΤߤˡβͤǧ᤿櫓ǤϤʤ餬롢ϰҲǡ褭褭ȤαĤߤ򥤥᡼ơϡ̱κɤγعκɤݾڿThe best school of democracy and the best guarantee for its success is the practice of local self-government.ˡפȤդĤȤ𤷤
IJȽŪҸȿСסֿŤˡ
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̺ҤҤʡ縩ϻԵIJϽ̱ϲɤޤפǧȿФķ衣ֿ̺ҤȸϺҳǽ줿˽ФϤԻȤ뤳ȤǧǤʤפʤ
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ŪҸԻǧγյķIJ
http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/s/article/2014062990070852.htmlž

ŪҸιԻǧˤĤƤIJΰո񤬡̱ΰոȿǤΤǤ뤫ݤϸڤɬפƵIJ񤬰ոޤȤꡢƵİ䤿̱¿ܿƤĤơη̤Ȥ̱դ򤫤Ť롣ơƵIJ˻ࡣΡ̱աפˡIJΤƤĤơذո٤ȤƳФΤۡ

ΤϡԵؤĹȵĻؤǤIJεİ򤽤줾䤿̱ľФɽȤäƤ롣ơԵؤȵIJΩδطΩߤ˶ĥطݤʤ鶨ϤƼĤޤ褦˥ǥ󤵤Ƥ롣顢IJϽ̱ɽ뵡ؤǤȤ̣ϡΤȤΤߤ˸¤餺IJưϾ̱ΰո˾İꡢIJΰոȿǤ٤ȸȡΤ褦IJ񤬰ոޤȤݤˤϡΰ̣ڤˤ뤳Ȥ롣ˡŪ«ϤϤʤIJΰոǤ뤬IJ񤬼³Ƨ̱ɽ뵡ؤȤ̱ΤΰոȿǤƤΤʤ顢ܡʹܡˤȹΩˡܡˤIJư̵Ǥʤ

⤷ˡȯĤƤι̱ɼˤʤä䤿Ϥɤн褷褤Τˤ狼ٶǤϡˡμĤȤϳʤɤȽǤƹư٤ȤĤȤϡưפǤϤʤΤĮ̱סֻ̱ߡƥ󥰡סֿٶΥ٥ȤθѶŪ˻ٱ礷Ƥ줿顢ǽäٶ뤳ȤǤ
ŪҸ:Ĺǧʤ
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ŪҸιԻǧյķꤷȤФŸԤλСʤߤĤ˻ĹʣˤϣԲ񸫤ʿ¹Ȥθܤι԰٤ˤäȹư򵯤ͤФʤʤפȤơǧƹʤ뤳Ȥ˹ư뤳Ȥ餫ˤ
ܸˤĤƻĹϡְϤˤ޻ߡ٤ǤϤʤŰ줷ʿ¼ˤ޻ߡ٤ܻؤ٤ǡ줬˰ѤܤθؤפȻŦγưȤƤϡֻ̱٥ǻ̳ɤĤꡢإԡ󥰡ٳư̾դ̱Ū򿼤᤿פȽҤ٤ڶ
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ޥåС18641920ˤإץƥƥȻܼ١19041905ˤǡ٤ȤȤ˹𡢤ƤǤθؤΰƤ椯פȽҤ٤褦ˡͶǤϡߤĤκ졢λѤȤʤꡢ٤ΤΤ̤礭뤳ȤܸǡȾ̿פ줿ɥĸΡ٥롼BerufפѸΡCallingפˤϡֿξפȤ̣¯ŪʡֿȡפȤ̣ȤޤޤƤ롣¯ŪʿȤΤ˴Ťλ̿ʤΤȤͤ䤿ϡŻ̤֥ꥢפȸƤǤ롣Ʊˡ줬ޤ줿䤿Ūؤŷŷ̿Ǥʬ봶Фʤ顢Ż­뤳ȤǤΰ̣礬̣ӤӤƤ롣ϺܤθθǤ⤢ꡢBeruf Calling ܤȤʤͽ롣ˤäơСδܤδ˾ؤɿѤ롣

ŷĹĹξŲϡ10ܤȤʤ벭츩ˬ̤줿ŪҸ꤬κ桢ιǤƱˡˡʿ¡פڤ򹭤⤯ˤʤФȤ롣ʿ¤ˤ뤳Ȥȡ¤Τ餹ȤԤͿ줿ܤǤ뤳Ȥ򡢤ͤȤȤäƤʤƤ롣ͤΤѤˡ¾ԤΤȤ򸫤뤳ȤǤ롣ͤȤ夹ˤϡܸ¸աˤǤΤͤ뤳ȤɬפʤΤ⤷ʤ

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